Dulce María Loynaz, the greatest Cuban writer of the 20th century

April, 2024.- Bestiarium, Garden, A summer in Tenerife and Fe de vida, are some of the works created by Dulce María Loynaz y Muñoz, the greatest Cuban writer of the 20th century, whose talent made her the recipient of the National Prize of Literature in 1987, and also received the Miguel de Cervantes Prize in 1992.

Born in December 1902 and of Mambisa lineage, at the age of 24 she studied Civil Law at the University of Havana, a profession that she practiced until 1961, always linked to family matters; She was also a journalist, a work that was rewarded with the Isabel la Católica Award, obtained in 1991 for the set of articles about this character titled The Last Rosary of a Queen, published in the Spanish newspaper ABC.

Recognized as an essential poet of Cuban poetry and in an attitude that she always maintained until the end of her days, Dulce María Loynaz turned her house into the center of Havana cultural life, in the most famous Cuban literary gatherings since those organized in the 19th century. by Domingo del Monte, where he welcomed a large part of the intellectuality of the time.

The Nobel Prize winners in Literature, Gabriela Mistral and Juan Ramón Jiménez, attended the Thursday gatherings; and along with them, Federico García Lorca, Alejo Carpentier, Emilio Ballagas, Rafael Marquina, Carmen Conde, Gonzalo Aróstegui, María Villar Buceta and Angélica Busquet, among many other intellectuals and artists.

In 1951 she was named a member of the National Academy of Arts and Letters of Cuba, Adopted Daughter by the City Council of Puerto de la Cruz (Canary Islands) and entered the Cuban Academy of Language, from which she was appointed at that time. Honorary and Perpetual President, and nine years later, at the Royal Academy of the Spanish Language.

Passionate about life and any act of love that magnetizes her heart, there was no greater urgency for this woman of letters than to put her inspiration in favor of poetry and her truth; The mastery in the use of Spanish, decantation of the language, power of synthesis, clarity, simplicity and sobriety in lyrical expression characterize the creations of Dulce María Loynaz y Muñoz, an excellent Cuban poet who, when she died on April 27, 1997, bequeathed to the current generations a work worthy of consuming ad nauseam.

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Acerca de Martha Martínez Duliet

Licenciada en Educación en la especialidad de Historia y Ciencias Sociales en la Universidad de Camagüey. Labora como periodista en Radio Florida desde el año 1993 desempeñándose actualmente como editora del sitio digital de esta emisora. Contactos: Twitter: @MDuliet Facebook: Martha Martínez Duliet Blog personal: soyfloridana@wordpress.com

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