State Security Bodies: 65 years of sleepless defensive work

Florida, March 26.- By merging into a single body the group of intelligence and counterintelligence bodies existing at that time in the country, the State Security Bodies are established in Cuba, a protective shield against which hatched plans have crashed. to destroy the Revolution, attempts to sabotage institutions or economic objectives, attacks against top leaders and any manifestation of terrorism.

Precisely on March 26, 1959, the Cuban authorities discovered a plan to assassinate the Commander in Chief, Fidel Castro Ruz, organized by counterrevolutionary leaders, among them the Batista hitman Rolando Masferrer, who had found refuge in the United States, and from there sent two infiltrators to attack the Cuban leader near the then Presidential Palace.

The official founding of the State Security Organs occurred just three months after the triumph of January 1, but its antecedents and deepest roots date back to the second half of the 19th century, when those who made up the Liberation Army began the fight for achieve the independence of Cuba from Spanish colonialism.

From very early on, the main insurgent leaders applied intelligence and counterintelligence measures and relied on special agents and clandestine cells created with the purpose of obtaining the necessary information to develop the armed struggle against the Spanish army and its forces, and among those most Those who stood out for their efficient use include Carlos Manuel de Céspedes and the generals Vicente García, Julio Grave de Peralta and Federico Fernández Cavada.

Measures of this nature were applied by Fidel Castro Ruz in the course of preparations for the assaults on the Moncada and Carlos Manuel de Céspedes barracks; for the survivors of the actions of July 26 in the Isla de Pinos prison; in Mexico during the preparatory stage of the Granma yacht expedition and later in the formation and development stage of the Rebel Army and the guerrilla struggle in the Sierra Maestra.

The knowledge acquired and the experiences accumulated made it possible to later extend this significant activity to the new columns and guerrilla fronts and after the victory the practice was consolidated with the emergence of new type security organizations coming from a revolutionary army, with the unity with the people as the main ally in their task.

Since their foundation, the State Security Organs have been nourished by the most faithful and brave men from the Rebel Army, and the insurrectionary organizations; Many lost their lives in unequal fighting in the ranks of the enemy, such as Tony Santiago, commander of the March 13 Revolutionary Directorate, and the peasant, Alberto Delgado Delgado, the man from Maisinicú.

Like them, many men and women, from anonymity, remain steadfast in the sleepless work of defending the integrity of the Homeland.

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Acerca de Martha Martínez Duliet

Licenciada en Educación en la especialidad de Historia y Ciencias Sociales en la Universidad de Camagüey. Labora como periodista en Radio Florida desde el año 1993 desempeñándose actualmente como editora del sitio digital de esta emisora. Contactos: Twitter: @MDuliet Facebook: Martha Martínez Duliet Blog personal:

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