Cuban Revolutionary Party: Latin America’s most radical political formulation in the 19th century

Florida, April 10, 1892, on the anniversary of the Constitution of Guáimaro, José Martí proclaimed the creation of the Cuban Revolutionary Party (PRC) with the objective of achieving the independence of Cuba and contributing to that of Puerto Rico, which constituted, in fact, the most radical political formulation in Latin America.

It was the Apostle of Cuban Independence, José Martí Pérez, the first to organize a single party to lead a struggle whose purpose would be, as he proclaimed in its foundations, «to order a generous and brief war, which would ensure in peace and work the happiness of all the inhabitants of Cuba».

The Cuban Revolutionary Party succeeded in uniting the patriots who had fought for the independence of Cuba for many years; its social base was made up of emigrant workers who, penny by penny, contributed to gather resources to defray the expenses of the war that broke out on February

This first anti-imperialist party in the history of Cuba developed a program that, in addition to having as its immediate task the independence of Cuba and Puerto Rico, foresaw the establishment of a laborious and just Republic.

Article three of the bases, written by José Martí, emphasizes that: «the Cuban Revolutionary Party will gather, without immoral compromises with any people or man, as many new elements as it can, in order to found in Cuba (…) a nation capable of ensuring the lasting happiness of its children and of fulfilling, in the historical life of the continent, the difficult duties and its geographic situation.

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Licenciada en Educación en la especialidad de Historia y Ciencias Sociales en la Universidad de Camagüey. Labora como periodista en Radio Florida desde el año 1993 desempeñándose actualmente como editora del sitio digital de esta emisora. Contactos: Twitter: @MDuliet Facebook: Martha Martínez Duliet Blog personal:

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